One of the oldest foods in the world is still very popular today. And rightly so, a good vinegar not only tastes delicious, it is also healthy.
Vinegar-making is one of the oldest manufacturing processes. Even the first high cultures of the world, the Babylonians and Egyptians, appreciated vinegar. Above all, they mixed it with water, because the disinfecting properties of vinegar killed harmful bacteria in the water.
For millennia, nothing has changed in the process of making vinegar. Basic ingredients are still alcohol and acetic acid bacteria, the so-called mother of vinegar.
Vinegar varieties are many, depending on the manufacturing process and basic ingredients.
There are two production processes: Either vinegar is obtained by fermentation of a raw material with the help of vinegar bacteria or it is diluted with acetic acid vinegar essence (acidity 25%) with water. The latter method is used for the synthetic production of industrial vinegar. For culinary uses, only the fermentation vinegars are interesting and also here there are different procedures, each of which serves a different purpose: quality or quantity.
In the case of the varieties, a distinction is made according to the basic ingredient:
Alcoholic vinegar from wine spirit, brandy ...
Wine vinegar from wine
Fruit vinegar from fruit juices
The more quality I want, the longer the production takes. The kings among the vinegars are clearly the balsamic vinegar whose production can take up to 30 years! These vinegars are stored in wooden barrels and ripen slowly, forming an incredible aroma.
Vinegar can be used in many ways:
Essentially, vinegar is used as a seasoning.
High-quality vinegars are valued due to their finely rounded acid profile but also excellent aperitifs.
Diluted with water, vinegar is a wonderful refreshing drink for hot days.
Vinegar is a natural preservative and can be used to preserve vegetables.
Clear vinegar is a wonderful decalcifier.
Vinegar and well-being
Vinegar has been used for medicinal purposes since ancient times. Hippocrates, the most famous physician of antiquity, used it for the treatment of indigestion. Its reputation as a remedy vinegar also retained in the Middle Ages, where it was used for body disinfection.
Vinegar is one of the oldest man-made natural remedies. Among other things, it has:
... disinfecting effect
... supports digestion and strengthens the intestinal flora
... should have an antipyretic effect
... positively influences the acid-base balance of the body
These diverse effects are attributed to the low pH of the vinegar. But beware: The acids of the vinegar also softened the enamel. Therefore, after eating vinegar, always rinse your mouth with water to neutralize the acids and wait at least half an hour before brushing your teeth.