For thousands of years, beer has been known and appreciated as many people's favorite drink. In the Middle Ages, even children drank beer. Let's take a closer look at this treat.
Beer has always been important for our nutrition and drinking habits. Its importance can be seen by its definition as a "liquid bread". But let's start at the beginning.
How Do You Make Beer?
The basic ingredients for beer are water, malt and hops. Grains are malted and then about 60 degrees of hot water is added to the mix. This process is called mashing. Here the actual brewing process starts. The mash is heated to approximately 75 degrees and then the mash is left to rest, so enzymes transform the malt into sugar. The mash is emptied and then purified, and the solid parts of the mash are separated from the liquid (called the wort). Then, the wort is boiled with hops, then filtered again. Finally, everything is added to a cooler and a yeast culture is added. The yeast converts the sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide. After the primary fermentation, which lasts more than a week, the green beer is still stored for up to six weeks for it to reach secondary fermentation.
Beer Throughout History
The earliest evidence of beer comes from the ancient mesopotamian area and is several thousand years old. The Code of Hammurabi, which originated in 1700 B.C, contains the oldest surviving beer in the world. The Egyptians made a kind of bear by fermenting half-baked bread with water. The ancient Celts had several beers that they produced from various grains.
In the Middle Ages, controlled brewing operations developed in monastic breweries. At this time, beer was an appropriate drink for children. Medieval beers had a lower alcohol content than today's beers. The main reason was that beer in the Middle Ages was largely germ-free, as opposed to drinking water, which was not.
Back then, beer is also an important addition to the usually scarce food, because it has a high calorie content. In addition, a more or less tasty beer could still be made from low-grade grain.
In the 19th century, bottom fermented brewing was developed that requires lower temperatures. It is now the world's predominant brewing process.
A Large Variety of Beers
Today there are more different types of beer than ever before. From classic beers to beer drinks to non-alcoholic beers, the choice for beer lovers is better than ever. In our shop we provide specialty beers from Austria.