In northern Lower Austria grow bulbs, which are characterized by a very special aroma.
The onion is a frugal plant, which is why it can thrive on many different soil conditions. In the country around Laa in northern Lower Austria, however, it finds the perfect conditions. There is a light, well-drained soil that is predestined for onion production. For this reason, onions in the region on the Czech border have been grown there for generations.
The Genussregion around the place Laa consists of eleven municipalities with approximately 18,000 inhabitants. The cultivation area of the onions is located in the north of the wine district, where the landscape is characterized by loess-covered hills that gently merge into plains.
The soils are humus poor terraced corridors, which are influenced by the Pannonian climate. The average annual temperature is 20 degrees. There is a lot of wind, little fog and rainfall between 300 and 450 mm. The soil conditions and the climate ensure a particularly low pest presence, which benefits the quality of the Laaer onions.
In the region around Laa, special emphasis is placed on soft tourism, which is complemented by a strong presence of organic agriculture.
Due to the soil and weather conditions, the Laaer onions do not need to be irrigated and are matured naturally. So the handpicked onions have a tremendous quality that sets them noticeably off the competition. The reason is that the non-irrigated onions are much more aromatic and at the same time longer storable because they grow slower and thus have a firmer, finer fibrous nature. Also, the natural Abreife and thereby prolonged whereabouts on the field has an advantageous effect on the aroma. There are both yellow and red Laaer onions.
The bulbs themselves belong to the summer onions. Every autumn, the peasants plough the fields, in the spring harrowing takes place. Thus, in March, when the seeds are sown, the soils are in optimal condition. Harvest is from August to September. Then the quality control is done and finally, the delicious onions come into trade.
The two varieties Laaer Rote and Laaer Gelbe Onions are very rare, which is why cultivation is also promoted by the Austrian Program for Environmentally Sound Agriculture, which lays down restrictions on the use of fertilisers and pesticides in onion cultivation.
The Laaer onions are processed to many different products, including z. Onion jam, onion meatloaf and even onion brandy.